On the issue of new means of propulsion in space
Succinct ideas breed technologies, vague thoughts result in theories!
All means of transportation our civilization now has in possession are known to have been invented and designed before the end of the 19th century: sailing-ships, automobiles, steam-engines, air-ships, aircraft, powder rockets. The same applies to computers (mechanical adding machines), means of communication and means of power production.
In the 20th century all these things were simply improved and updated. Strange to say, but with the rare exception, over the century our civilization has invented nothing radically new.
A puzzling fact, bearing in mind that we are living in the 3rd millennia now…
Take space, for example, the exploration of which is blocked by our spacecraft’s addiction to fuel. As you know, there are no fuel-stations in space which makes jet propulsion unviable, if not risky.
Whereas space, solar system in particular, is saturated with energy which we simply are to learn to transform into propulsion force. But how? The notion modern science has of propulsion and motion is such that precludes any insight in their physical mechanism. Without which one cannot find any feasible technical solutions.
Fig.1 Dreams won’t harm. Some even draw their dreams…
This doesn’t mean there are no modern scientific concepts. There are, and they are well-defined, i.e. they both disclose physical mechanism of motion and propulsion, and indicate the ways and means of technological exploitation of this mechanism.
Every technology is based on understanding of elementary, fundamental processes. No technology is possible without such understanding, therefore we must answer the main question: what processes exactly and at what level of organization of matter provide for the transportation of body in space after an outside force has been applied to it? How does a body in motion differ from a body which used to be at rest?
Understandably, the body changes somehow under outside influence, and these changes make it possible for the body to move in a different velocity regime. The difference of the inner states of the body at rest and the body in motion is self-evident. But what is it? What parameters and processes does it affect? How does it trigger and sustain motion?
Let’s turn to Rhythmodynamics (1997-2007) based on the wave concept of matter organization and space as a wave medium. It’s a relatively new line in science studying the role of periodic processes in the formation of natural phenomena and their properties. Rhythmodynamics regards any body as a system of collectively synchronized elements linked by wave fields. The break in synchronism triggers body reaction, including its transfer in space. Rhythmodynamics indicates a direct link between the velocity of the body’s motion and correlation of phases between its elements’ (atoms’) oscillations.
Such approach has made it possible to demonstrate simply and effectively that there is a common cause, a single process behind all types of motion, no matter whether we consider the motion by inertia, accelerated motion or a free fall in gravitational field. In all cases, we are dealing with similar changes unfolding in bodies along definite rules. It’s these changes which cause various regimes and types of motion, including, for example, the bodies’ fall on the earth under the impact of gravitation.
No one would deny the fact that internal state of the parts (atoms) of the same body is to vary when distance from the gravitational source varies. This difference is of phase nature, and the different distance of atoms originates from the body’s 3D geometry.
Examining a simple system of two similar wave-interlinked atoms, one can find that gravitational field shifts phases between their oscillations (fig.2). Which results in a change of dynamics of interaction in the system and disrupted synchronism which could be restored only by motion. So the system starts moving with acceleration downwards toward the source of the field, the Earth.
Fig.2. Phase transfer triggers the shift of potential holes. The system reacts by motion.
But where’s the source of the force which makes the system move (fall)? The only thing the gravitational field does is affecting the correlation of phases between the oscillating elements, without exerting any direct influence on the system. If so, where does the propulsion force in the system come from which makes it fall? Where and how does this force emerge?
To answer this difficult question one should carefully examine what’s going on at the level of at least interatomic linkage.
And the following is taking place there: if space is free of the wave fields and the system is at rest, the oscillating elements of the system occupy potential holes of the wave carcass which they’ve formed, thereby creating no cause for motion. (fig.6).The displacement of phases between the elements triggers the shift of potential holes relative to the elements themselves (fig.7). The shifting potential holes cause the elements to move in their wake. The system is set into motion. But the process does not end there: as soon as the body begins falling toward the source of gravitation, gravitational field triggers a steady accumulation of phase displacement between the moving elements which makes the system self-accelerate.
Two men in a boat are about to throw in opposite directions two stones of equal mass. If they do it simultaneously, the boat won’t move. But what happens if they do it one at a time (fig.4), provided there is no friction between the boat and water?
Fig.4. Illustration of the case when a phase displacement between throws triggers boat motion.
In a space of time between the throws the boat moves, say, 100 meters before it stops. If the whole procedure is repeated the boat moves another 100 meters, despite the fact that similar amount of stones (matter) has been thrown in both directions! Suppose this process were rather lengthy and of wave nature too, which would make it invisible and without any loss of mass? If so, wouldn’t the boat’s motion seem like a miracle?
In this case the boat’s motion is linked with the phase displacement between the throws. It’s the phase displacement which triggered the motion, without any outside influence too.
Case 2. Ivanov-Didin’s experiment.
Suppose we had a system of two oscillating floats in a water pool, designed in a way allowing a long-distance control of frequency and phase of their oscillations.
Fig.5. The system’s motion is taking place in a wave medium, being caused by the displacement of phases between the oscillating sources.
The device works in the following way:
1. The floats are oscillating with the same frequency, and the phase displacement between their oscillations is zero. A symmetrical interference pattern emerges on the water surface, and a standing wave with its nodes and antinodes along the line linking the floats. The floats are seeking to occupy, and finally do occupy their places in potential holes (the nodes of the standing wave). A relatively fixed bond emerges between the floats through the standing wave which keeps the floats at a set distance from each other. The system as a whole is motionless relative to the water (V=0).
2. Let’s bring in changes in the form of phase displacement between the floats’ oscillations. It will change interference pattern: the nodes of the standing wave (potential holes) will shift relative to the floats. This will make the floats drift in the wake of their potential holes. The system will start moving at a constant speed.
3. If the phase displacement, with the system moving, is brought to zero, the potential holes will lag behind the floats – which would trigger the emergence of deceleration force, and the system’s halt
We’ve described the experiment in which the motion of a simple system was caused by a phase displacement between its oscillating elements, and the speed was controlled by regulating the amount of the phase displacement. Obviously, the speed regime of a system with much greater number of elements could be controlled in the same way.
Motion by inertia
Rhythmodynamics posits material body as a package of standing waves. The elements of the body, atoms, are positioned in the nodes of this package. Such approach allows to determine the causal differences between the regimes of a motionless body and a body with a constant velocity.
Let’s examine a simple system of two elements linked by a standing wave.
1. If phase displacement in the system equals zero the absence of motion is explained by the fact that the elements and potential holes occupy the same places.
Fig.6. The system has no reason to move in the wave medium because the sources and potential holes occupy the same places. The system is in a state of internal balance.
2. Phase displacement shifts potential holes relative to the elements which drift in the wake of potential holes until the holes and the elements come to occupy the same places.
Fig.7. Phase displacement triggers the shift of potential holes from their initial positions and, consequently, the sources. The internal balance is broken. The oscillators are affected by the wave field, so their natural reaction is to move toward the potential holes.
There is strict correlation between velocity and phase displacement (). Constant velocity corresponds to constant phase displacement. If phase displacement changes with time so does velocity.
Such approach makes obvious the fact that it’s the phase displacement which becomes the cause of the elements’ pursuit of the potential holes, thus maintaining the system’s motion in a certain velocity regime. Such phenomenon could be named “phase surfing”.
“Wait a minute”, a learned reader might observe “it was Aristotle who said almost 2500 years ago: ‘The body’s rectilinear motion occurs due to its elements’ pursuit of their ‘natural positions’”.
Absolutely! If atoms’ ‘natural positions’ (potential holes) have shifted, the atoms follow in their wake (see illustration at fig.8). If potential holes tend to be constantly ahead of their pursuers, the atoms, the body, in this case, starts moving with acceleration due to the difference of frequencies.
Fig.8. A package of standing waves (nodes and crests) emerges between synchronized ultrasonic emitters. If a cold steam (a tube to the right) is injected in the area, drops of water condense in the nodes being held in their places by the wave energy. A phase displacement between the emitters would cause the nodes to shift relative to their initial positions. The drops of water would follow in their wake.
But how can a man-made phase-shift be organized in a real material body so as to trigger its motion (phase surfing)?
The usual way is to apply outside force on the body so as to change correlation of phases between its elements. It’s worth note that when force is no longer applied the new correlation of phases is preserved in the body as its new condition which actually maintains the appropriate velocity regime. In other words, inside the moving body, there is a hidden, in the form of a phase shift, propulsion force which reveals itself only when the body’s progress is blocked.
Gravitation is a natural cause of phase displacement, as gravitational field induces phase shift in the bodies and supports it there. As a result a deformation of interatomic bonds emerges, resulting in the body’s motion as a reaction to the deformation. In this respect phase shift is the main cause of the force of propulsion formed inside the body. If gravitational field didn’t affect the correlation of phases in the bodies, the bodies wouldn’t react to the presence of the field in any way. It would be appropriate to conclude therefore that one can make the body impervious to the gravitational field by artificially eliminating the phase shift. No phase shift – no reaction in the form of a free fall.
Similarly, one could produce a propulsion force in the open space – by artificially changing the phase displacement of the material part of a spacecraft, and thereby changing its velocity regime. Isn’t it a new way of obtaining a force of propulsion? And it’s not jet propulsion too! Eureka?!
Fig.8. The shift of the energy carcass relative to the elements of a spacecraft triggers the movement of this craft in space.
But how to demonstrate the feasibility of this mode of movement in practice? There’s only one way to do it: to conduct competent research and test work. Which requires sheer trifles: political will, public demand, financial resources and scientific effort.
What are the prospects?
We are talking about mastering an absolutely new means of propulsion in space, based on control of phase parameters of the processes whose energy was stored in the matter by nature itself. And control, incidentally, is known for its energy efficiency.
Prior to debating perspectives one should make sure the principle works. The first experiments, although indirect, did corroborate the possibility of producing ‘phase’ propulsion force. But to achieve the main goal one should experiment with the systems of a different level of self-organization. One of those levels is electromagnetic (fig.9 b). It doesn’t matter that such experiments might look primitive: the main thing is that they meet the requirement of having an open system, which implies that these experiments are fundamental.
Fig.9. Phase displacement is the main cause of the self-propulsion of active systems (a), even though such systems happen to be of artificial origin (b).
It’s experimental work with the open systems which could help our progress in the required direction, and its results would determine the pace and course of further research.
Still, there are opponents who think the principle diagram (fig.9 b) should have one of the emitters replaced by a reflector, which is to increase the so-called ‘antenna’s propulsive power’. In other words, the opponents suggest a semi-open scheme (like a photon engine) in which emitted energy is transformed into a jet propulsion force of wave origin. But such decision doesn’t match the task set exclusively to gradually master the means of control over the open wave systems. It’s the work with open systems which will allow us to progress in the outlined direction.
As for the perspectives, we’ve acquired the key element for new technologies, understanding, without which no technology is possible. Right now, there is no major obstacle to testing the use of antenna’s force of propulsion, for instance, in increasing the spacecraft’s orbit. Although such force might seem infinitesimal, sheer milligrams, it’s constant in time and requires no fuel. The initial steps in this direction might trigger the development of new technologies of flight.
The rest is just a matter of time which is yet to make science fiction our everyday reality.
P.S. We’ve just taken a glimpse into the future, giving a sketchy description of what’s to be done and where it might lead us to: transfer in space by control of the phase parameter of the matter’s energy + antigravitation. There are many talented researchers, scientists and inventors on the Earth who can figure out how to do it. Many people on the planet Earth would like to see this happen during their life-time. If our civilization masters the means of producing ‘phase’ propulsion force, human race will undoubtedly earn the respect of the living Universe.
Scientific-technical center ‘MIRIT’
Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Science
Yuri N. Ivanov.
April 10, 2008.
1. Ivanov Y.N. Rhythmodynamics. New Center Publishers, 1997.
2. Ivanov Y.N. Rhythmodynamics. Energy Publishers, 2007.
3. Physical encyclopedia. Sovetskaya encyclopedia, 1990.